We have learned much in recent years about the inadequacy of access to justice for immigrants. We now understand quite well the ever-increasing need for good lawyering on behalf of immigrants in removal proceedings. Thanks to the hard work of many commentators, we stand ready with eloquent arguments that immigrants, especially those most vulnerable, should be represented during removal proceedings. In the absence of universal representation, commentators have studied the patchwork solutions that have emerged to meet some immigrants' needs. Nonetheless, important questions remain about what is and what is not working. This article summarizes some recent contributions to this body of knowledge and charts a path forward.