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In April of 2021, the first group of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) processing coordinators were deployed along the Southwest border. The new role — the first brand new position at CBP since 2003 — is designed for civilian workers who are able to assist CBP enforcement personnel in caring for and processing arriving migrants. As of September, the agency has trained and graduated five coordinator classes, and 160 coordinators are currently at work in CBP facilities along the border.With additional congressional funding and support, CBP plans to grow the processing coordinator corps to 1,200 over the next three years and to increasingly rely on the new workers to handle administrative tasks, freeing up Border Patrol agents to secure the border.
On November 15, 2021, President Biden signed the Infrastructure and Jobs Act, or H.R. 3684, a $1.2 trillion bill that was the result of extended bipartisan negotiations in the House and Senate and represents the largest infrastructure legislation that has been enacted since 2015.Much of the focus on this bipartisan infrastructure bill has rightfully highlighted its significant investments into American roads and bridges, the electrical grid, the water supply, and access to broadband internet. However, in addition to these elements, the legislation also includes billions of dollars for border infrastructure that has not drawn as much attention, including provisions designed to modernize ports of entry and better resource local communities who are assisting in processing arriving migrants.These investments could play a major role in creating a more orderly, humane, and secure border.
As the U.S. population ages, home health care workers are projected to be the third fastest-growing occupation. Immigrants accounted for 25% of personal care aides and 38% of home health aides. They have proven to be essential but often overlooked health care workers.The focus of this paper is to provide background on the crisis, highlight the home health care industry, and offer some recommendations on how to mitigate against labor shortages and secure the needed home health care services for the aging U.S. population.
This paper provides a recommendation for setting evidence-backed immigration levels that combat the worst effects of demographic decline and protect the nation's social and economic health. A modern immigration system is necessary to respond to modern challenges, and increasing immigration levels will help us both provide for our elderly population and give us confidence in the country we are leaving to our children and grandchildren.